The Chitra Collection: European Porcelains

The Chitra Collection: European Porcelains
This 1714–1719 Meissen teapot has a band of decoration in relief around the top of the body (known as a lambrequin) and the spout in the form of a rather frightening face (called a mascaron). The chinoiserie decoration in silver is by Abraham Seuter, and the silver mounts were added circa 1725.

But then, after much experimentation, the recipe for true hard-paste porcelain was developed at the Saxon factory of Meissen near Dresden in Germany. The alchemist Johann Friedrich Böttger, working for Augustus the Strong, monarch of Saxony (who had a passion for all things Chinese), refined a recipe that had been created by mathematician and scientist Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus. In 1708, Böttger devised a successful formula using kaolin clay, petuntse (also known as porcelain stone), and ground feldspar, and in 1709, production at the Dresden laboratories began.


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